The US Department of State explains the issue:
“Human trafficking,” and “modern slavery” have been used as umbrella terms for the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (Pub. L. 106-386), as amended (TVPA), and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (the Palermo Protocol) describe this compelled service using a number of different terms, including involuntary servitude, slavery or practices similar to slavery, debt bondage, and forced labor.
Human trafficking can include, but does not require, movement. People may be considered trafficking victims regardless of whether they were born into a state of servitude, were exploited in their hometown, were transported to the exploitative
situation, previously consented to work for a trafficker, or participated in a crime as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking. At the heart of this phenomenon is the traffickers’ goal of exploiting and enslaving their victims and the myriad coercive and deceptive practices they use to do so.
Find our more by checking out the Trafficking in Persons Report 2016!
Modern Day Slavery is a terrible epidemic and is growing every minute, but with your help you can change the numbers. If you or someone that you know is a victim of human trafficking, contact one of the hotlines below now.
National Human Trafficking Resource Center
(888) 373-7888 or Text BEFREE (233733)
New Jersey Human Trafficking Hotline
National Center for Missing & Exploited Children